What is a Complete Blood Count Test?

All of us are come across with blood tests, we feel them as understandable, but they are not as difficult as we feel so. CBC is a common test, which is often used for patient. This article is written for those who want to get knowledge what is a complete blood count or CBC.

The complete blood count (CBC) is commonly ordered blood test. Actually, it is the estimation of cellular (formed elements) of blood, which is done by special machines, which have ability to analyze the different components of blood (RBCs, WBCs and platelets) in less than a minute.

How is the complete blood count test performed?

In this article “what is a complete blood count”, I wish to mention the procedure of this test. For this procedure, a few milliliters of blood sample is directly collected form the patient’s vein. This blood is then put in to the centrifugation machine to separate all blood cells according to their weight.

What are the components of the complete blood count (CBC)?

In this article “what is a complete blood count”, it is also important to mention that it can be helpful for the count of these blood cells. Typically, it includes:

• White blood cell count (WBC or leukocyte count)

Red blood cell count (RBC or erythrocyte count)

• WBC differential count

• Hemoglobin (Hbg)

• Hematocrit (Hct)

• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH)

• Mean corpuscular volume (MCV)

• Red cell distribution width (RDW)

• Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC)

• Platelet count

• Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)

What are the normal values for a complete blood count (CBC)?

The normal value of white blood cell count (WBC) is 4,300 and 10,800 cells per cubic millimeter (cmm).

A machine generated percentage of Red cell count (RBC) signifies the RBCs range for normal well-being should be in between 4.2 to 5.9 million cells/cmm.

Moreover, in this article “what is a complete blood count (CBC)” normal hemeoglobin level is must to mention, which should be 13 to 18 g/dl for men and 12 to 16 g/dl for women

It also determine the platelet count which should be in between150,000 to 400,000/ cmm (150 to 400 x 109/liter).

Hence, complete blood count contributes maximum health care for you.

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