Quadriparesis is not a common disease and its prevalence is very rare among population. It is sometimes known as tetraparesis and is related to quadriplegia too. In fact, quadriparesis is paralysis which caused by injury or illness to a human that will consequence in the partial or complete inability to move their limbs or torso. This loss can be sensory or motor, which means that a person’s control and sensation, both are lost.
Irrespective to the cause of quadriparesis, actually what happens that signals sent along the spine are interrupted either partially or completely. Both motor and sensory nerves are not working properly hence lead to paralysis.
Causes of quadriparesis:
Quadriparesis occurs secondary due to number of health problems;
- It may occur due to congenital conditions like muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy.
- People may develop quadriparesis as a result of any degenerative neurological conditions which progress slowly.
- Any type of Spinal cord trauma may lead to this condition.
- Spinal cord trauma can be caused by a car accident, a fall, or ruptured disc.
Diagnosis of quadriparesis:
When a patient is feeling difficulty in limbs movement and loss his limbs’ sensation too, he should consult doctor first. It is done by means of a neurological exam which includes an interview of the patient as well as medical imaging of the spines. It is the most important step to determine that whether quadriparesis is partial or complete.
Symptoms of quadriparesis:
Patients with quadriparesis may experience different levels of difficulties in movement of limbs, like;
- Some patients feel that their limbs may be weak or also feels lack over motor control of their limbs.
- Some patients with quadriparesis may show substantial areas of paralysis.
- Some feels problem in sensory skills while they have relatively good motor skills.
Treatment of quadriparesis:
Treatments of quadriparesis can include:
- Surgery to alleviate the issues such as normalization of discs etc.
- Physical therapy is also recommended to keep the muscles from atrophying as well as to prevent contractures.
- Patients with quadriparesis may also get benefit from an assistive device like a wheelchair, cane, or scooter for routine works if they have difficulty in walking.